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Basic Training


"John Grey took years of combined knowledge and presented it within just one day, and he made it easy to understand."

"The handout book will certainly be a valuable reference tool."

— Manufacturer Comments

To be effective in their positions, professionals in the fastener industry, especially those in distribution and sales, need a basic understanding of Bolts, Nuts & Washers -- standards, products designs, threads, what the fasteners are made from, and how they are made and then heat treated – how they get to the point where they can be put to use. Our Basic Training seminar for fasteners is a fast-moving program that within one day will provide a wealth of knowledge about the most common fasteners used in your industry,


We start with standards that cover products you normally use, define the different drive systems available and how to choose them, select nuts and flat washers to go with the bolts and explain their importance, apply threads to the bolts and nuts with proper tolerances and explain why. Next we pick a material for these products that makes the best sense for your application, then view the manufacturing of those products as shown within real fastener plants and finally the heat treatment of the fasteners so that they’re ready for your company to use.


The program was built on PowerPoint, all in color, using more than 190 slides, with title slides in 3D. It’s an attractive, professional presentation complete with lots of graphics, photos, and electronic slide transitions, and sound effects! Full color, spiral-bound handout books with three slides per page and note spaces are standard, but we will accommodate your preferences.


With mental alertness breaks and a lunch break, seminars usually begin in the early morning and conclude in the late afternoon. The format is always an open presentation, whereby participants are free to ask questions at any time. At the end we can cover any specific issues of importance to your company.



  1. Why are there fastener standards?
  2. The various types of standards, reasons and examples
    • Consensus
    • Industry
    • Corporate
  3. How can you protect your company when developing
    Corporate fastener standards?


  1. What drive systems can you choose and why?
  2. A drive strength comparison
  3. Various bolt styles
  4. Various nut styles
  5. Flat washers and their purpose
  6. How do you select a flat washer?
    • Hardness
    • Size


  1. Elements of a Basic Thread Form
  2. Threads – Inch Type
    • Classes of thread fit
    • Relationship of pitch diameter allowances & tolerances
    • Thread root radii
    • MIL-S-8879C – ASME B1.15
    • Standard thread lengths
  3. Threads – Metric Type
    • Tolerance system
    • Recommended tolerances, bolts & nuts
  4. Inch to metric thread conversions
  5. Fine threads versus coarse
  6. Miscellaneous thread forms (17 types)


  1. Carbon and alloy steels
    • Iron plus specified elements
    • What each of the elements do for the steel
    • The SAE Numbering System
  2. Carbon steels
    • Alloy steels
    • Alloy steel examples
  3. Stainless steels
    • What is stainless steel?
    • How does stainless steel work?
    • The 3 basic stainless steel groups
  4. Exotic materials
    • Why use them?
    • The benefits
    • The downsides
    • Typical exotic materials


  1. Bolts – Cold Forming
    • The sequence
    • Tool design
    • Tool manufacturing
    • The results
  2. Material preparation
    • Wire
    • Rod
    • Lubricants
    • Wire drawing
  3. Cold forming equipment
    • Cold headers
    • Multiple station formers
  4. Bolts – Hot Forging
    • Material preparation
    • Bars and coding
    • Shearing of blanks
  5. Hot forging
    • Pre-heating the blanks
    • Forging
    • Forging results
  6. Thread rolling
    • The grain flow difference
    • Thread roll dies
    • Hand feeding
    • Auto feeding
  7. Cut threading
    • The basic process
    • Thread blanks
    • Equipment
  8. Secondary operations
    • CNC turning
    • CNC pointing
    • Controls
    • Drilling
    • Centerless grinding
  9. Nuts – Cold Forming
    • Equipment
    • Top side
    • Sequential stations
    • Locking deflections
    • Plated finish product


  1. Through hardening
    • Basic steps
    • How hot?
    • Quenching
    • Tempering
    • How hot?
    • Important aspects
  2. Case hardening
    • Basic process
    • Rotary furnace

To enable your employees to do a better (and more profitable) job of communicating about fasteners with your customers, please contact John Grey to set up a training seminar for your company.

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